THE ANATOMY OF COFFEE
– The Coffee Tree
Coffea Arabica
Coffea Robusta
– The Coffee Blossom
– The Coffee Cherry and
Bean
CULTIVATION ON THE PLANTATION
The coffee blossom is white and smells like jasmine. Due to its similar size, shape and colour, the fruit of the coffee tree is known as a “cherry”. Within the fruit are two beans. The sides of the beans that face each other are flat, while the beans’ outward facing sides are curved. The coffee beans are encased in a protective jacket or parchment that has the same shape. The flat side of each bean sports a deep crack or crevice filled with hard endosperm covered in a thin membrane. The membrane is encased in a harder shell. If the coffee bean is to be used as seed, then the seeds will not be separated from their protective shell.

The fruit of some coffee trees only bear one bean rather than two. This bean (a peaberry) is much rounder than normal coffee beans. These beans are processed separately and generally fetch a much higher price than normal beans.

Coffee cherries must be carefully monitored as upon ripening they will begin to rot within 14 days.
Türkçe